The best kind of birth control is one that fits with the lifestyle and is effective in preventing conception. Experts and Best Sexologist in Karachi, recommend two forms of contraception, like a condom for males along with birth control for the females. This is the surest way to prevent pregnancy.
In general, what works best for one person may not work for another person, which is why you should think carefully when choosing your birth control pills. Some options to consider include: the degree of safety of the contraceptive, the duration of contraception, temporary or permanent contraception and the cost of contraception. Additionally, for women, effect of the contraceptive method on the period cycle is also a major deciding factor.
Mechanism of action birth control
Temporary birth control impacts the hormones, while permanent birth control involves procedures that change the body. Another method is the barrier method, in which sperm is blocked from getting to the egg.
What are the options for contraception?
Oral contraceptive pills (OCPs):
OCPs are progestin and estrogen pills that must be taken at the same time every day. These drugs prevent conception by preventing ovulation. These pills make the period lighter and more regular with less cramping. However, they provide no protection against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), and they can cause mood changes, headaches, breast tenderness, and nausea. OCPs are not for every woman; they are associated with a higher risk of blood clots and hypertension. Therefore, a thorough assessment by a healthcare professional is needed before they are started.
Diaphragm with spermicide:
Diaphragm provides a barrier between the egg and sperm. It is a dome-like disc that is put into the vagina to cover the cervix before intercourse. It provides protection for two hours only against conception but not against STDs. Diaphragms need to be refitted often and can cause allergic reactions and irritations.
Male condoms are a barrier method for the males, whereby a thin sheath is put over the penis right before intercourse to prevent the sperm from coming in contact with the egg. Condoms are protective against STDs and are the most widely used form of contraception. However, the material used can cause mild irritation or allergies.
Copper intrauterine device (IUD)
This is a small T-shaped device that is inserted into the uterus by a healthcare provider to make the uterus hostile against implantation. Once inserted successfully, it can provide protection for up to ten years. It provides contraception only while it is inserted into the uterus and once removed, women are able to conceive. In fact, they are also safe for use during lactation. However, they are associated with heavier cramping and bleeding than normal, and in some cases can worsen pelvic infections.
Birth control injection (depo-provera)
This injection of depo-provera is a shot of progestin that provides protection for a period of three months. Like an IUD, it is safe during lactation, and contraception is reversible after a period of three months.
Choosing the best form of contraception is a highly subjective and personal choice that should be made keeping all the pros and cons in mind. A professional like Best Sexologist in Islamabad can help you in making an informed decision.