Hearing loss is a common problem these days. Hearing loss and deafness are considered the same, but they are different but are related. Hearing loss is when a person cannot hear clearly or cannot understand speech due to low hearing, while deafness is when a person can’t hear any sound at all. According to WHO, a person who is unable to listen or hear and hearing thresholds of 20 dB is said to have hearing loss, and when a person cannot understand speech through hearing, even when sound is amplified is called deafness. Hearing loss can lead to deafness if not treated and can become permanent. It can also be genetic and untreatable. Detection of hearing loss and deafness is easy and the symptoms are having trouble in hearing, or understanding people and speech, feeling like sounds are quiet or low or muffled, need to turn up the volume of tv or headphone in a tranquil environment, frequently needing to ask people to repeat themselves or speak clearly and slowly, a symptom of deafness is clear like hearing no sound at all with or without hearing aid or amplification of sound. There can be many different reasons involved in hearing issues and problems main, and the most common cause for hearing loss is aging as people get old, they start to lose their ability to detect sounds and speak frequently and need a hearing aid; other common causes of hearing loss and deafness are loud sound bursts, prolonged loud noises, infections, infections during pregnancy, high blood pressure, diabetes, injury, sudden change in pressure, overgrowth of ear bone or cancer, damage to the eardrum, overproduction of wax, ototoxic medication or work-related ototoxicity and genetic disorders.
Hearing loss can be treated or prevented. But if not for a more extended period, then it can lead to deafness. Deafness may not be curable at all when it becomes profound deafness.
Differences between hearing loss and deafness:
There are different types of both hearing loss and deafness. Types of hearing loss are conductive hearing loss, sensorineural hearing loss, mixed. On the other hand, types of deafness are prelingual deafness (An individual with prelingual deafness was born with a congenital deformity or will have lost hearing during infancy), post-lingual deafness (Most people with hearing loss have post-lingual deafness.
They learned an oral language before the lessened hearing and toxic medication side effects, shock, infection, may have caused hearing loss). Deafness can be unilateral (one-sided) or bilateral (both-sided). Unilateral deafness makes it very difficult for the person to pinpoint the origin of the sound, understanding someone’s speech in noise.
Deafness and hearing loss can cause depression, anxiety, and low self-esteem in people of any age. It makes life difficult, and people start to avoid conversations and public gatherings. Genetical hearing loss or deafness can occur at any age and even to parents with no hearing issues. According to researches, deafness is mostly caused by not treating hearing loss properly or by injury and infections. While hearing loss is usually caused by old age and prolonged exposure to loud noise and music.
Deafness and hearing loss are different, but they also have similarities; both can be prevented by proper caring and cleaning to music for short intervals and at safe volume avoiding noisy places, genetic counseling, and getting vaccinated.